Generation of Multiple Taxation Items

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Generation of Multiple Taxation Items

This feature is in Limited Availability. If you wish to have access to the feature, submit a request at Zuora Global Support

If the service period of an invoice item spans multiple tax rate periods, when you use the tax code of Zuora Tax for tax automation, Zuora supports the generation of one taxation item for each tax rate. To use this feature, you have to set the "When service period of an invoice item crosses multiple tax rate period, it will generate:" billing rule to Multiple Tax Items.

Navigation: Click your username at the top right and navigate to Billing > Define Billing Rules.

Note that your new configuration of the billing rule does not affect the invoices that are generated earlier.

For example, imagine a scenario where:

  • A customer account only subscribes to one annual recurring charge with the fixed price of $12,000 and the tax exclusive mode.
  • The charge effective start date is 2019-01-01; the charge effective end date is 2019-12-31.
  • An active Zuora Tax tax code involving two different tax rates is associated with the charge.
  • The first tax rate period is from 2019-01-01 to 2019-09-30, and the matched tax rate is 8%.
  • The second tax rate period is from 2019-10-01 to 2019-12-31, and the matched tax rate is 10%.

If this feature is enabled, an invoice containing one invoice item and two taxation items is generated for this account. Detailed information is as below.

  • Invoice item: The service period is from 2019-01-01 to 2019-12-31, and the amount is $12,000.
  • Taxation item 1: The tax date is 2019-01-01, and the tax amount is $720 ($9,000*8%) for the invoice item billing period from 2019-01-01 to 2019-09-30.
  • Taxation item 2: The tax date is 2019-10-01, and the tax amount is $300 ($3,000*10%) for the invoice item billing period from 2019-10-01 to 2019-12-31.

This feature is not supported yet for the tenants with the Invoice Settlement or Order Metrics feature enabled.

Rules for Prorating Taxable Amount

In the generation of multiple taxation items, the taxable amount is basically prorated according to the length of each involved tax rate period.

  • For monthly based billing period types (monthly, quarterly, and annually):
    • When a prorating period is greater than one month, the taxable amount is prorated by month first.
    • When a prorating period is less than a month, the taxable amount is prorated by the actual number of days in the period.
  • For weekly based billing period types (weekly and specific weeks), the taxable amount is prorated by the actual number of days in a period.
  • If the billing period is the subscription term, the taxable amount is prorated by the actual number of days in subscription term.

Tax Date

The tax date is used to determine the specific tax rate period. If a tax date falls into a specific tax rate period, that tax rate period is active for tax calculation.

If you have this feature disabled, the invoice date is used as the tax date. After this feature is enabled, one taxation item is generated respectively for each tax rate period. Therefore, the start date of each partial service period is used as the tax date. 

In the preceding scenario. the tax date is 2019-01-01 for the service period from 2019-01-01 to 2019-09-30, and 2019-10-01 for the service period from 2019-10-01 to 2019-12-31.

Tax Credit

If a charge has been processed and an invoice is generated, when this charge is removed, the charged amount will be credited and a credit back invoice item will be generated. Therefore, the corresponding tax amount will also be credited back.

In the preceding scenario, if the customer cancels the subscription on 2019-07-01 after being charged, one credit invoice item and two credit taxation items are generated.

  • Invoice item: The service period is from 2019-01-01 to 2019-12-31, and the amount is $-6,000.
  • Tax item 1: The tax date is 2019-07-01, and the tax amount is $-240 ($-3,000*8%) for the invoice item billing period from 2019-07-01 to 2019-09-30.
  • Tax item 2: The tax date is 2019-10-01, and the tax amount is $-300 ($-3,000*10%) for the invoice item billing period from 2019-10-01 to 2019-12-31.

Tax Discount

When you have this feature enabled, tax discounts will be applied to the whole service period of an invoice term instead of the discount charge service period.

Imagine that in the preceding scenario, a monthly discount charge with the discount percentage of 10% is applied to the annual charge. The total discount amount is $1,200 for the subscription. The tax discount is as follows:

  • The tax discount amount is $72 ($9,00*8%) for the invoice item billing period from 2019-01-01 to 2019-09-30. 
  • The tax discount amount is $30 ($3,00*10%) for the invoice item billing period from 2019-10-01 to 2019-12-31.
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